What is the Origin of World's Complexity?
The respond does not require drawing of the God. Though the origin of the initial matter still remains unclear, complexity development can be explained by self-organization phenomenon. This idea was developed by I.R.Prigozhyn. Simple example: frost patterns on the window glass: water, cold and glass. Breathe on it and the pattern melt away. In half an hour - some new picture and a new pattern.
I don't feel like presenting the concept of self-organization in details, but the point is the following: The matter happens to be unbalanced. Its particles are unstable; they can form combinations and compound structures. Internal energy fluctuations, sporadic external effects, positive inverse forces, both internal and external contribute to this process. This complication process is conditioned by bifurcation, i.e. by the choice of one of the alternatives, predetermining further sequence of synthesis stages and new bifurcation. For all it, the memory on the nearest alternative "predecessors" of the given complication stage is being involved in this choice, reflecting a peculiar tendency, the purposefulness of changes. (Heel's theory of "the unity of opposites" is reflected in it.). In combination with differences on non-stability determining various self organization rates, when occurring in related objects, this phenomenon explains "evolution breaks-through", when very fast changes occur in some directions (in such a way the human brain had been developed or "passionarity explosions " of Leo Gumiliov manifested itself in the history of mankind). The self-organization is unpredictable in all the details: it is possible to make only some feasible tendency prognosis. For all it, the inverse movement directed towards complexity disintegration up to particles ending in chaos might be observed at its every stage. But "the new order formed of chaos"(statement by Prigozhin) is supposed to be different.
Any evolution presents itself as a self-organization process. It began from the moment of the first explosion, prior to what the matter and energy were pressed in minimum volume. It was the starting point of the rise of chain of ever complicating structures: atoms, non-organic molecules (minerals) - organic substances. It followed by biological evolution of "live" systems: cells-organisms-communities-biocenosis.
1. Program of self-regulation and integrity maintaining.
2. Stock systems with "working" and control sub-systems, i.e. intellect.
3. Metabolism: external and internal.
4. Preservation (in the structure) of the "self-organization layer" forming a new diversity - the source of both evolution and "pathology" - unstability resulting in decay.
5. Excessive reproduction preserving species identity (for reproduction) in combination with behavior diversity for the best species selection.
6. Combining of competition and species cooperation with further integration into more complicated system. In general: organization, regulation and "intelligence".
Every new evolution stage is characterized by a new "self-organization layer", introduced by a new structure code. It results in forming of a new and more developed system class:
a) Molecular structures, i.e. genes and protein generated a variety of species. Neuron structures formed a variety of intellect and behavior modes: from a herd to a human being inclusive;
b) Word structures plus technique generated a variety of communities and states;
c) Technical facilities structures in combination with Artificial Intellect promise to introduce a new self-organization stage, and namely, technical evolution.
There are two doubtful issues in interpreting of the self-organization as the only evolution source when comparing with the God:
1. What is the origin of the "initial matter" existed before the first explosion?
2. Ability of material particles to form combinations exceeds the disintegration tendency of created compound structures. For this very reason, "evolution vector" is aimed towards system complication. Though feasible complication is limited by certain conditions. (Or reaching the limit of potential resources?). Therefore, the evolution on the known space objects never exceeded the level of non-organic molecules and among biological species on the Earth only a human being moved so far.
Even the first cells demonstrated the new step of matter complication - control organs with Target-oriented Functions (TF) (surviving, reproduction, expansion and perfection), consisted of models, represented by DNA-code and RNA-signals. Further, models complication run through cell and organism specialization. In particular, through forming of neuron structures in brain (intellect!) and through control organs with Collective Intellect and sign -and -word models in a community.
Models (in general) are the result of information compression (structural simplicity) of an object. They present an object in a simplified and distorted way. Model generalization concept means a simplification degree. Utmost expression of generalization is a model-sign (hieroglyph). Model as an object substitute is being distinguished only by "intelligent" systems with installed coding patterns: "object-model".
General Principle of matter complication:
Self-organization ---> (organization + selection) = evolution.
Organization is system ordering; structures and functions allotting "working" and controlling" sub-systems ("intellect"). The latter accumulate models, providing for implementation of Target-oriented Functions (TF): supporting integrity, surviving, propagation, expansion and perfection. At the every evolution stage TF are brought about by models with various codes of different complexity. At the same time they are worked out in detail: first, as expansion of biological needs nomenclature, then, in the society, as "artificial" estimation structures: ideologies and values.
In this respect it is possible to speak about contraposition of systems organization and related to it controllability and predictability from one side, and
self-organization-the source of uncertainty, including risk of chaos growth, from another. However, organization (Intellect!) assumes some degree of self-organization regulating through return link. But not complete one.
What would we have as a result? Would materialistic science allow to understand the world, to make forecasts and to control it? The answer is: "Yes". But only with some stipulation: besides self-organization there may exist "another physics"!
What is Truth?
It is a combination of various object models from word descriptions to mathematical formulas and physical facilities simulating an original.
The truth is formed by the intellect, it belongs to it and can be understood by another intellect with model elements, saved in its memory.